Great Helm Bolzano
Great Helm also known as Tophelm was worn upon the bascinet and chainmail hood. The historical artifact of our Great Helm Bolzano was found in Bolzano/Bozen, region: Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy. Dated by 1300 year. Apparently it was made in Germany. We can presume that the helmet was owned by a knight who belonged to the Teutonic Order. The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (Teutonic Order) was founded in 1192 in the Holy Land. In 1202 the Teutonic Order came to Bolzano/Bozen and founded the Commandery of Bozen. Almost two hundred years after this, in 1392 the St.George Church was built on the site of an old residential citadel.
This artifact Great Helm is preserved in the armor collection of the National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome. It has a conical shape with a truncated top. There are holes on the top drilled around the skull. They were made for the cimier (German: Wappenfigur) – the heraldic figure, made from the shaped and painted leather. Cimier has been fixed to the helmet with the laces. Its primary purpose was to help knights recognize other warriors of the same camp since their faces were covered. Over time, cimier became the honored sign of recognition treated with respect.
Our Great Helm Bolzano is based on the photos of the museum artefact helmet. It has eleven T-shaped breathing holes on each side. The reinforcement rib crosses the front part of the helmet. Wide rectangular eye-slots provide good visibility. Helm is equipped with the leather straps.
New option of the finishing is available for this helmet: the unpolished dark graphite surface. It’s made by the formation of the oil oxide film on the hot metal surface. Armor gets a dark “raw” look. Please note, that this option of finishing can’t be applied to armor made from titanium or stainless steel. Contact us if you would like this type of finishing be applied to your helmet. It’s available upon request.