The type of helmet that looks like the brimmed iron hat and obviously called “iron hat” – the Kettle hat. Also known as “Chapel de fer” in French or “Eisenhut” in German. Helmet appeared at the end of the XII century. At the beginning it was designed in the way like the scandinavian helms: four quarters joined on the top make the skull. This type of helmet is called “Spangenhelm”. Couple Kettle hat helmets of the XIII century have been found in Scandinavia during the excavations. Chapel de fer was cheap and easy to make. That’s why it was broadly used by the infantry.
In the XIV century medieval blacksmiths made the Kettle hat raised from the one piece of steel. In the illustrated manuscripts of that time period the shape of the skull looks almost the same as the skull of Bascinet. Brim came down further to protect the face. There were some variations of the skull shape and brim angle. And it is not surprising that the swiped down brims were the most common. They give an advantage compared to perpendicular ones: the blade slides down and doesn’t stick between the skull and brim. Some helmets had even eye-slots on the extended brim. And they look like a mix of the Kettle Hat and Sallet. On some visual historical sources we can see the Chapel de fer helmet being worn with plate or mail bevor.
In the XVI century Kettle hat was still quite popular. However it has been modified and adapted according to the requirements of the XVI century’ soldier. We know it as Spanish Morion and Italian Kabaset. No wonder that it’s main advantage of this helmet was unrestricted vision and breathing.
Our Kettle hat helmet has late XIV – early XV century design: the slightly downturned brim and conical Bascinet skull. Helmet is equipped with the chin strap and buckle. There’s a rib on the center of the skull. Kettle hat can be made with the visor optionally.