Italian style spaulders, late XV century. Also called narrow spaulders.
Based on armor of Kaspar of Frundsberg which is preserved in Kunsthistorisches Museum in Wien, Austria. Narrow spaulders consist of 3 narrow biceps plates, shoulder cup and long biceps plate which goes till elbow. This construction provides full covering of biceps. Each plate is fixed with another by rivets which have a small space around to make spaulders flexile and articulated. Also there’s a leather strap riveted from the inside of spaulders. It prevents any gap between steel plates.
Narrow spaulders are equipped with leather points with holes. You can easely fix them to your pdded gambeson. Long biceps plate has two holes to fix the elbow caps or for additional fixation with gambeson. Spaulders are battle ready and can be used for the full contact medieval combat HMB or IMCF.
Please notice, that measurements should be with padding/gambeson.