The original artifact pauldrons from Churburg armor collection were made by craftsman Biagio for Giovanni Spanzotti, Milan, approximately 1420 – 1460. They are decorated with engravings and inscription “Urs”. On the rear side armor is punched with marks of italian masters. Pauldrons are made in the West European style. They have small besagews – rondels for armpits protection which are connected to a main plate. Normally rondels were made as a separated part of the armor. They are supposed to be connected to the armor by leather fastenings.
The small plate shoulder protection was in use from the beginning of the XV century. They were worn upon the sleeves of padded gambeson or chain mail shirt. At the beginning such spaulders consisted of a round plate that covered the shoulder joint and small steel plates with the overall length till the middle of the upper arm. Size of these plates decreases from the top to the bottom. There are also rare examples of medieval shoulder protection of this period that reached the elbow.
Pauldrons Spanzotti are articulated thanks to riveted leather band that makes flexible connections between steel plates. There are two holes on the top for the upper plate for the attaching to the gambeson. The second fastening located at the bottom: leather strap with the steel buckle. Pauldrons have a reinforcement rib that goes as a center line. This shoulder protection perfectly emphasizes the bodybilt thanks to its segmental construction. Armor can be used for reenactment and historical medieval combat. Pauldrons Spanzotti make a good set with Milanese Cuirass.