There are not many historical sources telling us a story about the helmets of the X – XI centuries. However, one of the most famous is the XI century Bayeux Tapestry (Tapisserie de Bayeux). On different sections of the tapestry, we can see warriors wearing conical helmets with nasal elements. Most of the helms illustrated in the Bayeux Tapestry are so-called “Spangen-helm”. This German word was used because helmets consisted of segments. This type head protection had was used up to the XIV century, evolving and developing during over centuries.
These types of helmets dating from Late Antiquity and the Migration Period were found during excavations. Most of them have a shape similar those represented on the Bayeux Tapestry. Some helmets had additional cheeks protection and were made from bronze or iron. The base construction included the main head hoop and vertical plates connected on the top. The nasal plate was riveted on the bottom of the head hoop. Following the illustrated manuscripts, engravings, and stamps, many historians assume that such conical shaped helmets remained unchanged until the XIII century. However, the cheek protection plates saw relatively little use.
An excavated conical helmet was found in the north of France and now is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. This helmet consists of vertical segments but doesn’t have a head hoop. On the Bayeux Tapestry one can also see helmets made from one piece of metal. And there exist historical sources to prove that blacksmiths of that period were able to craft a helmet from one piece of forged steel sheet.
Our Norman Helm consists of a conical dome and riveted mask with “eyes” and nasal protection. There’s a decorative rib line on it to imitate the eyebrows. The nasal element is also decorated by a rib line going right through the center. Our Norman Helm can be equipped with an aventail constructed from mail or riveted rings. Please note that only these two aventails are available for the Norman Helm dues to the historical age gap between the helm and other aventail types. Our Norman Helm is available in a variety of thicknesses and can be crafted from mild steel, tempered steel, stainless steel, or titanium.
Our Birka Lamellar Armor makes a good addition to Norman Helm as the two pieces saw overlapping historical use.