Medieval Helmets

ID: 11114

Late 15th century skull cap type sallet helmet. The sallet (Italian – celata) is the type of medieval helmet that was very popular in Italy. Firstly the name “celata” appears in 1407 in the  armor manuscript of the Gonzaga family.  This helmet has a description with particular difference from the “barbuta” helm. Our Open Sallet

ID: 11503

Gorget, Augsburg, 1600.

Protect Your Head with a Medieval Helmet

The development of medieval helmets dates back to antiquity, all the way back to the age of philosophy and mathematics. However, Forge of Svan specializes in production of practical armor for full-contact medieval combat. Because of that, we won’t focus on the helmets of the early Middle Ages in this article, because according to HMB and IMCF regulations, such medieval helm types are forbidden. Their level of protection is insufficient for modern sword combat and they are potentially dangerous to use. Therefore, let’s get to the helmets of the later period.

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Great helm and the top helm are the most famous types of pots medieval helmets that are characteristic for the times of the Templar Order. The uninitiated might think that these helmet types are identical. However, there are some subtle differences. Great helm has a massive wide top and the back is often open and unprotected. The top helm features more elegant shapes and the top of this helmet has a narrowing.

Both types of helmets are often decorated with crosses shaped from brass. Thanks to the angular shape, these types of head armor are well suited for the full-contact medieval combat because the angles hold up the blows well. Their main disadvantage is weight – a helmet like this can reach up to 5-6 kilograms. The newbies, however, often choose these helm types because they are relatively cheap compared to others.

Without a doubt, some of the most beautiful medieval helmets appeared in the Gothic era. This epoch is known for its beautiful cathedrals with their famous sharp spires. These decorative details impacted the armor fashion of the time as well. Just like in the architecture, the ribs and lace patterns appeared in the armor – for example, medieval helmet sallet. The peculiarity of this helm type is the open lower jaw and neck. These parts were covered by the bevor, an element of the armor that was put on as a separate piece, which emphasized the chin. Thanks to such tandem, the knight did not feel discomfort in breathing as well as movement.

The full-contact medieval combat is taking over the world now. Among the fighters involved in this type of sport, helm bascinet is the most popular medieval helm type. They are relatively easy to manufacture, practical to use, reliable, and not demanding.

The appearance of this helmet dates back to the XIV century when the knights together with blacksmiths developed several types of visors for the bascinet. Let’s take a look at each one of them in detail.

PigFace Visor

Let’s start with the most popular – pig face. You can easily guess from its name what shape does this visor takes – the shape of a pig’s snout. Back in the old days, people often observed nature and paid special attention to details, copying what they liked. This similarity is inherent in virtually everything created by humans. The armor manufacturing process was not an exception. By the way, while watching birds and fish, people also copied the birds’ feathers and the fish scales, which is where plate aventails get their origins.

Houndskull Visor

A visor that looks a lot like a dog’s muzzle is called a houndskull visor. Due to its shape and space between the face and the metal, there’s ample room for breathing. During horseback fights, this type of visor works great against the spear, cutting off the stabs. Full-contact medieval combat fighters also like this type of visor.

WolfRibs Visor

Wolf ribs visor provides excellent visibility to the fighter, doesn’t obstruct breathing, and gives a sense of freedom. However, this type of visor is strictly regulated by the HMB federation, so be careful when choosing this type of protection. We, at the Forge of Svan, are familiar with these rules, therefore you can rest assured that the wolf ribs visor you purchase on our website complies with the HMB regulations.

There are two types of mounting for the medieval helmet visors:
1. Klappviser (or klappvisor) mounting is located in the front of the helmet.
2. Splitvisor mounting is located in the viscous part. This type is a bit heavier than the klappviser, but it is also more reliable.

We have been manufacturing medieval helmets since 2004. We have great experience with it and established ourselves around the world as reliable manufacturers. Want to experience the highest quality service? Order your medieval armor from us today and see for yourself.