Medieval Helmets

ID: 11111

Our XV Century Sallet is based on the Sallet helmet from the castle of Churburg (Castel Coira) in South Tirol. The original helmet is preserved in the armor collection of the Royal Armouries, Leeds. Dated c. 1460 with an object number of II.168 A, the main edge of the helm has a plain outer turn line.

ID: 11505

Our XV Century Italian Bevor is based on the sallet helmet with bevor from the collection of Churburg Castle (Castel Coira) in South Tirol. It is intended to accompany our XV Century Sallet, but will add protection and style to any sallet helmet. The bevor can be crafted from a variety of metals and in

ID: 11501

A gorget is a steel collar used for neck and throat protection. Gorgets were a part of ancient armor and were intended to protect against swords and other bladed weapons. Most medieval gorgets were simple shielded plates to protect the neck and were worn under the breastplate. These plates support the weight of armor worn

ID: 11502

If you would like to add solid protection for your neck, a steel plate gorget is a superb solution. That said, participating in medieval combat which is regulated by HMB rules and the Authenticity Committee requires fighters to maintain historical accuracy in regards to the period and region of the equipment and weapons. So, what

ID: 11507

Our Padded Gorget with Titanium Plates helps to cover any unsafe gaps you may have around the neck. It can also be used as additional protection to reinforce vulnerable places such the collar bones and trapezius muscles. Our Padded Gorget with Titanium Plates is made from stitched cotton and two layers of natural sheet batting

ID: 11506

Our Plate Spine Protection augments your already extant spine protection and was developed specifically for those who engage in full contact medieval combat sports. The steel rondel usually found on the back of the aventail isn’t always enough which is why you’ll need our plate spine protection for buhurt. It consists of a curved neck

ID: 11504

A bevor is an element of a helmet or a separate element of head protection in the form of half-collar, which typically covers the chest (and sometimes shoulders) and encloses the throat, chin, and often ends at the upper lip. Bevors were developed for and usually used with helmets such as Salad or Chapelle (and

ID: 11103

The sugarloaf helm is a stylization of the late XIV century top helm. The skull has a conical shape with the peak moved back which lends the helm its name due to its resemblance to the form of conical refined white sugar, the sugar loaf. The visor is equipped with the breathing holes and the

ID: 11105

By the end of the XIII century, the apex of the tophelm evolved to a conical shape. At the beginning it was worn over a mail coif and small padded cap. By the end of the XIII century, knights wore a low chalice-shaped bascinet (often equipped with its own mail) under it. It is also interesting

ID: 11104

The main element of any set of armor is a helmet. In any role-playing game or reenactment, you need a reliable helmet to protect the most valuable part of your body. Helmets are designed to be as durable as possible and to stand up to any weapon or blow without losing their shape. Our Great

ID: 11121

A Kettle Hate is a type of helmet that looks like the brimmed iron hat. It is also known as a “Chapel de fer” in French or “Eisenhut” in German. This type of helmet appeared at the end of the XII century. At the beginning, it was designed like Scandinavian helms: four quarters joined on

ID: 11127

Protect Your Head with a Medieval Helmet

The development of medieval helmets dates back to antiquity, all the way back to the age of philosophy and mathematics. However, Forge of Svan specializes in production of practical armor for full-contact medieval combat. Because of that, we won’t focus on the helmets of the early Middle Ages here. According to HMB and IMCF regulations, these types of medieval helm are forbidden. Their level of protection is insufficient for modern sword combat and they are potentially dangerous to use. Accordingly, we will focus on helmets from later periods here.

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Great Helms and Tophelms

The great helm and the tophelm are the most famous types of medieval pot helmets and are characteristic of the time of the Templar Order. The uninitiated might think that these helmet types are identical. However, there are some subtle differences. A great helm has a massive, wide top and the back is often open and unprotected. The tophelm features more elegant shapes and the top of this helmet is tapered when compared with the great helm.
Both types of helmets were often decorated with crosses shaped from brass. Thanks to the angular shape, these types of head armor are well suited for full-contact medieval combat because the angles deflect blows quite well. Their main disadvantage is weight – a helmet like this can weigh up to 5 or 6 kilograms. Newbies often choose these helm types because they are relatively cheap compared to others.


Full-contact medieval combat is taking over the world. Among the fighters involved in this of sport, bascinets are the most popular medieval helm type. They are relatively easy to manufacture, practical to use, reliable, and not terribly weighty.
The appearance of this helmet dates back to the XIV century when the knights, together with blacksmiths, developed several types of visors for the bascinet. Let’s take a look at each one of them in detail.

Pigface Visor

Let’s start with the most popular – pigface. You can easily guess from its name what shape this visor takes – the shape of a pig’s snout. Back in the old days, people often observed nature and paid special attention to details, copying what they liked. This co-opting of nature is inherent in virtually everything created by humans and the armor manufacturing process was no exception. Many bascients, pigface included, were equipped with plate aventails which drew their inspiration from the feathers and scales of birds and fish, respectively.

Houndskull Visor

A visor that looks a lot like a dog’s muzzle is called a houndskull (or “hounskull) visor. Due to its shape and the space between one’s face and the metal, there’s ample room for breathing. During horseback fights, this type of visor works great against spears, easily deflecting thrusts and stabs. Full-contact medieval combat fighters also like this type of visor due to the ease with which it turns blows..

Wolfribs Visor

Wolf ribs visor provides excellent visibility to fighters, doesn’t obstruct breathing, and gives a sense of freedom. However, this type of visor is strictly regulated by the HMB federation, so be careful when choosing this type of protection. At the Forge of Svan we’re familiar with these rules and you can rest assured that the wolf ribs visor you purchase on our website complies with HMB regulations.
There are two types of mounting for medieval helmet visors:
1. Klappviser (or klappvisor) mounting is located on the front of the helmet.
2. Splitvisor mounting is located on the sides of the helmet and is a bit heavier than the klappviser, but also more reliable.

Nasal Bascinet

This type of bascinet saw common usage in the XIV century, but began to die out during the first half of the XV. Nasal helmets evolved from open-faced bascinets which left too much of the face exposed. Blacksmiths’ solution at the time was to add a triangular element that extended from the brow of the helmet down to either just below the nose or to the chin where its wide base would protect the lower jaw. Commonly called a “bretèche”, this addition to the bascinet, along with the mail aventail, greatly increased the protective qualities of the helm without sacrificing visibility or breathability.


Without a doubt, some of the most beautiful medieval helmets appeared in the Gothic era. This epoch is known for its beautiful cathedrals with their famous sharp spires. These decorative details impacted the armor fashion of the time as well. Just like in architecture, the ribs and lace patterns appeared on armor – for example, the medieval sallet helmet. The peculiarity of this helm type is the open lower jaw and neck. These parts were covered by a bevor – an element of armor that was put on as a separate piece and protected the upper chest, neck, and chin. Thanks to these tandem pieces, knights did not feel discomfort while breathing and had greater cranial mobility.

At the Forge of Svan, we have been manufacturing medieval helmets since 2004. We have extensive experience and have established ourselves around the world as reliable manufacturers. If you want to experience the highest quality service, purchase armor tailor made for you, and rest assured that your safety is top priority, order your helmet of choice from us today and see for yourself.